FAQ

Pablo Neruda was born in Parral (Chile) on july 12 of 1904.
His real name is Ricardo Eliezer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto.
He died in Santiago, Chile on september 23 of 1973.
It is a handwritten postcard to his stepmother on June 30, 1915, known as "The mamadre greeting".
It`s hard to know because at the time of his death he was writing several book simultaneously.
Neruda wrote about 45 book. Besides there are collections anthologies and selections.
They are translated into more than 35 languages.
The most famous book is “20 love poems and a song of despair”, published in 1924.
The houses of Neruda are La Chascona in Santiago, La Sebastiana in Valparaíso, Isla Negra in Isla Negra, Michoacán in Santiago and La Manquel in the french Normandy.
Pablo Neruda won the Nobel Award of Literature in 1971.
Pablo Neruda won the National Award of Literature in 1945.
He was ambassador in France during 1971 and 1972.
He was senator of the Republic for Tarapacá and Antofagasta from 1945 to 1948.
Neruda was married three times. His wives were María Antonieta Hagenaar, Delia del Carril and Matilde Urrutia.
Neruda only had one daughter of his marriage to María Antonieta Hagenaar. Her name was Malva Marina Reyes Hagenaar. She was born in Madrid in 1934 and died in Holland in 1943.
At least three poems by different authors are being assigned, some years ago, to Pablo Neruda, reaching a considerable electronic circulation. One of them, "Die slowly", has been used on many New Year greetings and other messages, which cause visibility grew to several newspaper articles. This poem  belongs to Martha Medeiros, a brazilian writer, author of several books and columnist for the newspaper "Zero Hora", in Porto Alegre. It was published under the name "A morte devagar" mentioned in the newspaper in November 2000.

Another of the poems referred is "Prohibited", which first appeared online on July 23, 2001 on the website deusto.com. Its author, Alfredo Cuervo Barrero, has clarified that the currently poem is not exactly  like the original, The text is inscribed in the Register of Intellectual Property of Biscay, its behalf, with the number BI -13 -03. On the Internet are about twenty thousand attributions of this poem to Neruda.

Finally there is the poem "Never complain." We do not know the author and also we do not know why are these poems attributed to Pablo Neruda. If you read the three texts it is evident that they all have an uplifting tone, prescriptive, in which caution might be related to self-help literature, extemporaneously at the time of Neruda. Without detracting from these poems, Pablo Neruda's work is far from this kind of poetry in tone, content, language and the images that it creates.

Darío Oses
Library Director
Pablo Neruda Foundation